The Art Museum
21, Bd. Eroilor, Brasov
web page: www.mab.ro
The Art Museum exhibits a wide selection of foreign and domestic art. The ground and first floors offer paintings of varying styles and periods, starting with the Transylvanian anonymous painters of the eighteenth century, up to now days, often depicting rural Romanian landscapes and portraits ( Nicolae Grigorescu, Theodor Aman, Gheorghe Tattarascu, Stefan Luchian, Nicolae Tonitza). The sculptures by Cornel Mendrea, Ion Jalea, Ion Irimescu, Dimitrie Paciurea also are worth mentioning. Climb down into the cellar and take a look at the beautiful European crystal and porcelain and the large collection of Oriental vases and statuettes from China, Tibet and Old Persia
Twice a month, the ground floor of the museum hosts all kind of cultural events like concerts, recitals, new book releases etc.
The Ethnographic Museum
21A, Bd. Eroilor, Brasov
web page: www.etnobrasov.ro
The Ethnographic Museum has three sections, one in Brasov and two others in Brasov county in Sacele and exhibits folk costumes accompanied by black and white photographs illustrating exactly how they were worn and by whom. The museum also shows the evolution of weaving from an old spinning wheel to a mechanized loom which is still operational. Authentic Romanian crafts such as hand carved crosses and embroidered shirts are on sale in the lobby.
Ethnographic Museum – Sacele
Located in the south-eastern part of Tara Barsei (Country of the Barsa river), the ethnographical area of Sacele includes the villages Baciu, Turches, Cernatu and Satulung (belonging to the present municipality of Sacele), Tarlungeni, Zizin and Purcareni. The inhabitants of the seven villages, Romanians and Csangos (population of a Hungarian origin), having lived together for centuries, became conscious of their belonging to the same community of Sacele. Nevertheless, there are differences between them, each population building in time separate identity symbols, reflected mainly in their costumes. As regards their occupations, the Romanians were great sheep breeders, being known as shepherds, because they grazed their sheep by moving the flocks to and from alpine pastures, according to the season of the year, processed the milk and turned the wool to good account, while the Csangos were mainly farmers, but also handicraftsmen. The neighborhood of the town Brasov brought the development of the carting, practiced both by Romanian shepherds and Csangos, who carried wares with their shepherd’s carts not only all over Transylvania, Vallachia and Moldavia, but also westwards, as far as Budapest and Vienna.
The First Romanian School Museum
2-3, Unirii Square, Brasov
At first there was the church mentioned in chronicles in 1292. A Homiliary (text book of religious sermons) of the 11-12th century confirms the existence of an educational place. The papal bull of December 25, 1399 confirms the existence of a place of Orthodox education and worship in Schei. In 1495 “The Holy Church and the School” were built thanks to voivode ( a kind of Romanian ruler) Vlad Calugarul.
This is the place where most of the first printed books in Romanian language were printed by Deacon Coresi during 1588-1665. This is the reason why a statue representing Coresi was erected in courtyard.
The building comprises “The Coresi room” where are held printings telling the story of the beginning of the typography in Brasov and ” The Anton Pann classroom”. The museum hosts a compelling legacy: more than four thousands of rare books (many of them printed or copied by handwriting right here), 100 thousands rare documents, the oldest bible (printed on goats skin), the oldest letter written in Romanian language using the Latin alphabet (previously, Romanian was written with Cyrillic letters) and much more.
If you want a guide tour ask for Vasile Oltean (Phone +40-94-495904), who will proudly show you the museum. Mr. Oltean can also guide you through the Junii Museum, where are held seven different traditional costumes wore by the Schei men. Schei women had only one.
The History Museum
The History museum comprises: The City Hall, The Weavers’ Bastion and Rasnov fortress.
THE CITY HALL
30, Sfatului Square, Brasov
In the middle of Sfatului Square there is The City Hall, built in the 13th century. This was the place in which the town councilors, known as centurions, would meet. On top of the council house was the Trumpeter’s Tower, where the “keeper of the fairs” lived. Nowadays the building hosts the History Museum of Brasov. Here one can admire rare exhibits and collections representing Brasov’s history from its very beginnings till present day: tools made in stone (Paleolithic age), painted ceramics discovered at Ariusd (Neolithic age), tools made in bronze and iron, armors, ancient weapons, farming tools, the first lathe ever made in Romania (1868), the first loom mechanism made in wood (1823) and so on, about 3000 items displayed in 17 rooms.
THE WEAVERS’ BASTION
9, George Cosbuc St, Brasov
Weaver’s Bastion is one of eight fortified bastions that were part of the larger Brasov fortress built by the city’s guilds. The Weaver’s Bastion is the only one to have survived. It exhibits documents from the Medieval Age: ancient documents, armors, tools used by artisans, statues, the guilds’ flags, the wood mechanism of Brasov’s ancient horologe placed on the top of the City Hall (made in 1512), a medieval safe, a street lamp form the 16th century, pieces from an aqueduct, rare books and many more. But the museum’s dominant exhibit is an elaborate 19th century small-scale model of Brasov.
THE WATCH TOWERS
The circular white tower and square black tower were both built in 1494 as added fortification against the invasions. Confusingly, they’re both white. In spite of their different shapes and locations, it’s only the black pyramid glass top on the Black Tower that allows even the locals to tell them apart. Inside the Black Tower, so called because it was once blackened by a 1599 fire, are four floors, each reached by a narrow wooden ladder. Each floor has a small display of war related artifacts, arms and guns.
The Memorial Museum “Muresianu’s House”
25, Sfatului Square, Brasov
web page: www.muzeulmuresenilor.ro
Quirky and charming would well describe this unusual family museum situated across from Brasov’s central square. It was set up in 1968 as a result of the Muresianu family descendants donation. It exhibits letters, photographs, newspapers, rare books, paintings, sculptures, furniture from the 19th century, heirlooms and keepsakes of the musical and literary members and in-laws of Muresianu’s.
Having over 25,000 documents it is one of the vastest and most important family archives from all over the country because the Muresianus were the founders and owners of a political newspaper, for more than half a century and they were in touch with all politicians from Romania and Transylvania in the second half of the XIX century and the beginning of the XX century.
So, the museum is devoted to the memory of a family which had an enormous contribution to the cultural and political life of their century. Iacob Muresianu (1812-1887), was the owner and editor of the first political newspaper of Romanians from Transylvania, “Gazeta de Transylvania” and he also was a founder of schools and member of the Romanian Academy. Andrei Muresianu (1816-1863) was the poet of the 1848 Revolution and the author of the nowadays Romanian anthem. s Aurel Muresianu (1847-1909) was a remarkable politician, founder of the Romanian National Party and also the first professional journalist. Elena Muresianu (1864-1924) and Traian Muresianu (1864-1901) were fine artists. They were graduates of the “Fine Arts Academy” in Vienna and Munich. Iacob Muresianu graduated the “Music Academy” in Leipzig and he is considered a classical of the Romanian cultured music.
The Sports Museum
2, George Cosbuc, Brasov
The museum was opened to the public in 1960 by a famous Romanian journalist, Alecsandru Dinca, on the old residence of the Brasov’s Skating Organization. It exhibits documents, more than 150 flags and badges of sports associations, rare sport books, old skis, skates made in bones, wood and metal, old bicycles, trophies, diplomas and medals.