The Black Sea Coast stretches out for 244km/153 miles and is the main tourist area of Romania. It has fine, soft sand and safe, gently sloping beaches. The water of the Black Sea has a low salinity in comparison with other inland seas (only 17%) and there is a virtual absence of tides and currents. On most days during the summer the sea is calm. The medium latitude and the low altitude are favorable to a dry climate and determine a long season, lasting from May to September, whilst the eastern exposure of the coast provides for spectacular sunrises and maximum luminosity, amounting to over 14 hours a day at the height of summer. There are about 24-25 sunny days a month in the summer. Water temperatures are in between 16-20 degrees Celsius in June, between 20-28 C in July and August and around 20C in September. The air is well-ionised, rich in marine aerosols. The sand beaches are generally natural ones, 400-500 m wide at Mangalia and Techirghiol, and 50-200 m wide in other resorts. The high solar radiation intensity is said to have stimulating and healing effects. The entire complex of sand, air, sun and water is a beneficial one. The Black Sea houses sturgeons and dolphins and there are no dangerous species like sharks.
The gateway to all the resorts is the city of Constanta, the main Romanian port. Founded by the Greeks, under the name of Tomis, in the 6th century BC, Constanta is accessible by car (3.5hrs drive from Bucharest), plane, train (express trains to and from Bucharest or other cities), and ferry (182 marine miles from Bosphorus).
From North to South, from the Chilia branch of the Danube to the border with Bulgaria, these are the Romanian resorts on the Black Sea coast: Navodari, Mamaia, Constanta, Eforie Nord, Eforie Sud, Techirghiol, Costinesti, Olimp, Neptun, Jupiter, Aurora, Venus, Saturn, Mangalia, 2 Mai and Vama Veche. All of these resorts are accessible either by train, taxi, maxi-taxi ( a kind of mini-bus) or car.
The Romanian Black Sea Coast is a blend of old and new. Many historical sites, ancient monuments, traditional villages together with the traditional culture of the region, which is a mixture of Romanian, Greek, Macedonian and Turkish influences, coexist with all the modern facilities offered by the resorts.