The Black Sea Coast stretches
out for 244km/153 miles and is the main tourist area of Romania.
It has fine, soft sand and safe, gently sloping beaches. The
water of the Black Sea has a low salinity in comparison with
other inland seas (only 17%) and there is a virtual absence
of tides and currents. On most days during the summer the sea
is calm. The medium latitude and the low altitude are favorable
to a dry climate and determine a long season, lasting from
May to September, whilst the eastern exposure of the coast
provides for spectacular sunrises and maximum luminosity, amounting
to over 14 hours a day at the height of summer. There are about
24-25 sunny days a month in the summer. Water temperatures
are in between 16-20 degrees Celsius in June, between 20-28
July and August and around 20C in September. The air is well-ionised,
rich in marine aerosols. The sand beaches are generally natural
ones, 400-500 m wide at Mangalia and Techirghiol, and 50-200
m wide in other resorts. The high solar radiation intensity
is said to have stimulating and healing effects. The entire
complex of sand, air, sun and water is a beneficial one. The
Black Sea houses sturgeons and dolphins and there are no dangerous
species like sharks.
Black Sea Coast map
The gateway to all the resorts is the city of
Constanta, the main Romanian port. Founded by the Greeks, under
the name of Tomis, in the 6th century BC, Constanta is accessible
by car (3.5hrs drive from Bucharest), plane, train (express
trains to and from Bucharest or other cities), and ferry (182
marine miles from Bosphorus).
From North to South, from the
Chilia branch of the Danube to the border with Bulgaria, these
are the Romanian resorts on the Black Sea coast: Navodari, Mamaia, Constanta, Eforie
Nord, Eforie Sud, Techirghiol, Costinesti, Olimp, Neptun, Jupiter,
Aurora, Venus, Saturn, Mangalia, 2 Mai and Vama Veche. All
of these resorts are accessible either by train, taxi, maxi-taxi
( a kind of mini-bus) or car.
The Romanian Black Sea Coast is
a blend of old and new. Many historical sites, ancient monuments,
traditional villages together
with the traditional culture of the region, which is a mixture
of Romanian, Greek, Macedonian and Turkish influences, coexist
with all the modern facilities offered by the resorts.